Innovation of mininally invasive technique
Wickham Britain the Doctor of Urology, firstly introduced the concept of Minimally Invasive Surgery in 1983. However, this concept was extensively accepted by medicine after 1987, in which LC surgery was completed successfully and was popularized extensively. Subsequently, Minimally Invasive Surgeries involving endoscopic surgery, interventional imaging surgery, etc. have been developed rapidly in many fields such as abdominal surgery, chest surgery, cardiovascular surgery, gynecologic surgery, and more.
Although there are debates about defining the concept of Minimally Invasive Surgery, medicine in the whole world have reached the following consensuses on some basic ideas:
  Minimally Invasive Surgery should decrease the invasion and injury to body to the lowest level in terms of surgical pathway, surgical instrument and surgical operation technique.
  Minimally Invasive Surgery should decrease the side effect to the lowest level in terms of traumatic response of partial body or whole body to surgery itself.
  The result of "minimally invasive" may support normal defense function and normal organ function of body to promote wound healing.
  It is also important to minimally invasion to body. Adjusting the mentation in perioperative period in time may strengthen body's adaptability and rehabilitation ability.
As Engels said:¡°Once society has a technical need, that need would push science forward more than ten universities.¡±Minimally invasive Surgery is the product manufactured by high and new technology. Intensive need from the rapid development of model surgery has motivated the emergency and rapid progress of Minimally Invasive Surgery. After formation of the idea of minimally invasive therapy, imaging technique, optical endoscopy technique, new material science, new energy technique, information science technique and automatic technique have gradually popularized, which promotes the rapid development of Minimally Invasive Surgery, represented by endoscope.