Endoscopic
Modern thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery technique have pervaded every area of clinical surgery with 20 years of development. Years of clinical practice has proved that the differences of the effect and the complication incidence between thoracoscopic & laparoscopic surgery and open surgery mainly results from grasp of technique, not from thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery technique themselves. Therefore, some thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery have become the preferred or ¡°gold standard¡± surgical procedure. Thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery have comprised 60% total surgery quantity in hospitals in which these two surgery have been opening out recently. All these facts have suggested that thoracoscopic and laparoscopic surgery had spent their children hood and adolescence, and are stepping into youth hood and manhood. Minimally invasive technique prevents many patients from the pain within operation and long term recovery after being weakened, and greatly improve working conditions of surgeons that they may perform the complex thoracotomy or laparotomy only before the display. By contrast, performing thoracotomy or laparotomy required a few hours in the past.